Interesting Facts About Echidnas – Characteristics, Diet, Habitat, Breeding, and Predators

Long-bent and short curved echidnas are creatures with a nose changed to frame a prolonged snout like organ. They have no teeth, a long protrusible tongue and, notwithstanding typical hair, they have various extraordinary hairs on the sides and back which are changed to shape sharp spines. The long-bent species, at 45 to 90 centimeters (18 to 35 inches) in absolute length and 5 to 10 kilograms (11 to 22 pounds) in weight, is a lot bigger than the short-hooked species, which is simply 30 to 45 centimeters (11 to 18 inches) long and 2.5 to 8 kilograms (6 to 18 pounds) in weight. In the short-hooked echidna, guys are bigger than females. In the two species just the male holds the spike on the lower leg of each back leg.


The situation with the long-hooked echidna is in uncertainty, as the region of its circulation is ineffectively contemplated. The short-curved echidna is circulated all through central area Australia and Tasmania, where its status can be viewed as normal. In Papua New Guinea it is as yet viewed as normal in marsh regions, albeit the two species are known to be gone after by people for food.

Actual Attributes

Not at all like the platypus, the ears and eyes of echidnas are not housed in a similar furrow; the ear opening (with minimal noticeable outside ear) is well behind the eye. The nose and protrusible tongue are both utilized in taking care of.

What Do Echidnas Eat?

The short-angled echidna eats essentially termites and subterranean insects in spite of the fact that bug hatchlings are likewise taken.

It acquires insects and termites by unearthing the hills, exhibitions, and homes of these bugs with the enormous hooks on its front feet. The echidna then gets the insects or termites with its tacky tongue.

It can drive its prolonged nose into little spaces and expand its tongue into little holes to get close enough to these bugs.
The conventional term Tachyglossus really signifies “quick tongue”. The long-hooked echidna is mostly a worm eater. It utilizes spines housed in a depression in its tongue to bring the worms into its mouth. In the two species, mucous emissions make the tongue tacky and, without a trace of teeth, food material is ground between spines at the foundation of the tongue and at the rear of the sense of taste.

Could it be said that they are Nighttime?

Little is known about the exercises of the New Guinea echidnas, yet in Australia echidnas can be dynamic whenever of the day, despite the fact that they appear to be less dynamic and remain covered in soil or sanctuary under rocks or vegetation in limits of intensity or cold.

They likewise appear to be less dynamic during stormy climate. Like the platypus, they can’t endure high temperatures and will pass on from heat pressure on the off chance that shade isn’t accessible.

The ability to tunnel of the short-bent echidna is unbelievable, with people ready to tunnel upward down into the earth to vanish in under a moment.

Internal heat level of Echidnas
Echidnas are endothermic and, as platypuses, can direct their internal heat levels well over that of natural temperatures by raising their digestion and involving protection fur and fat on account of the echidnas.

In every one of the three types of monotreme the temperature kept up with is lower than that tracked down in numerous other mammalian species, yet is typically kept up with inside a couple of levels of D. Parera 32°C (90°F) while the creatures are dynamic.

It is presently realized that the short-hooked echidna in some cases rests for half a month during winter in the Australian Alps, when internal heat levels of people can tumble to 4 to 9°C (39 to 48°F).

Rearing Season

Little is known about the rearing pattern of the long hooked echidna. In the short-bent species, a pocket creates during the reproducing season, into which one egg is laid.
After around 10 days of brooding, the youthful brings forth and is sustained on milk nursed from the milk patches in the pocket, the pushing of the youthful animating the milk to stream.
Lactation goes on for as long as a half year, yet when the youthful starts to develop spines (something like nine weeks subsequent to incubating), it is passed on in a tunnel to which the mother gets back to take care of it.
As in the platypus, the rearing season is expanded, and mating typically happens in July and August.
The length of development, before the female lays the egg, isn’t known precisely, yet is believed to be around three weeks.
Like platypus females, not all grown-up females in a short-bent echidna populace breed every year except the explanations behind this are obscure.
How Long Do Echidnas Live? – Normal Life expectancy
The two types of echidna are seemingly perpetual. One short-curved echidna in the Philadelphia Zoo lived for a very long time, and an undeniable person in the wild was viewed as no less than 16 years old.

An individual long-bent echidna made due for 31 to 36 years in Berlin Zoo, through both of the universal conflicts, yet nothing is known about the life span of this species in nature.

Hunters in Nature

Dingoes are known to go after echidnas, notwithstanding the echidnas’ capacity to tunnel and their ordnance of spines. Foxes, wild felines, and goannas take youthful from tunnels during the nursing time frame, yet maybe the best mortality factor is the auto.

The job of parasites or illnesses in mortality is to a great extent obscure. Echidnas are promptly kept up with in bondage yet seldom breed effectively under hostage conditions.